What are Exosomes?
Like the words we choose to use in a conversation, exosomes are communicators. Simply put, they are materials secreted by stem cells in response to their chemical environment, and they communicate with other cells to affect the function in their environment.
Consider for a moment that you’re having a conversation with a friend. This conversation is much easier and much more meaningful if you are speaking the same language. In the same way, therapies are most beneficial if the chemical environment and stimulation of the stem cells replicates the body in degenerative conditions. Exosomes secrete exit zones in response to what is stimulating them. Therefore, They exert chemical effects in the area that they’re injected, and then those chemicals anchor to cells and communicate with the cells to instruct them on how to perform certain functions. None of the processes for creating these agents is that specific. There is no guarantee that the information being injected is meaningful for what the physician is trying to use them for in your body. Hopefully in the future, more specific exosome therapies will be available.
Exosomes are created in the laboratory by acquiring the fluid around the cells, thereby capturing the exosomes, and packaging them for use.
So far, exosome therapy is not very well documented or studied. Hopefully more will be known about exosome therapy and what conditions benefit from it in the near future.
Are Exosomes covered by Insurance?
Most insurance plans, including Medicare, do not pay for Exosomes injections.
What does Exosomes treatment cost?
We do not currently perform these in our clinic, however, the cost is fairly significant as reported on the web from multiple clinics that we have reviewed.
The level of discomfort of the treatment depends in part on the area being treated. For example, injections given into a joint often are minimally uncomfortable and in some cases painless. Injections given into tendons and joint capsules tend to be more uncomfortable. There is usually moderate pain for the next few days. In cases where large numbers of injections will be completed, Dr. Hanson will perform a regional nerve block to reduce pain during and after the injection.
We provide oral sedation, aromatherapy, and oxygen to help with pain and anxiety during an injection. In addition, we have a master Reiki practitioner who is available to perform energy healing before or after a procedure.
On average, most patients start to see signs of improvement anywhere from 2-8 weeks after treatment. This can be less overall pain, an ability to do more activity before pain sets in, and/or faster recovery from pain.
Anytime a needle is placed anywhere in the body, even getting blood drawn, there is a risk of infection, bleeding, and nerve damage. However, these are very rare. Other complications, though rare, can occur depending on the area being treated, and will be discussed by your doctor before starting treatment.
When using prolotherapy for the appropriate levels of degeneration, the results are very good, studies showing 80-90% success rate. Some patients experience complete relief of their pain. In the case of capsule and ligament injuries, the results are generally permanent in mild cases, moderate cases may need another round of treatments in 1-3 years.